Kumetera kupyola mibadwo

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Ngati mukuganiza kuti kulimbana kwa amuna kuti atsitsire nkhope ndi kwamakono, tili ndi nkhani kwa inu. Pali umboni wamabwinja kuti, mu Late Stone Age, amuna amametedwa ndi mwala wamwala, obsidian, kapena clamshell shards, kapenanso amagwiritsa ntchito zipolopolo ngati zopondera. (Ouch.)
Pambuyo pake, amuna adayesa zamkuwa zamkuwa, zamkuwa ndi zachitsulo. Olemerawo mwina anali ndi ometa nawo, pomwe enafe tikadapita kogulako. Ndipo, kuyambira mu Middle Ages, mukhozanso kuti munapitako kukameta tsitsi ngati mukufuna opaleshoni, kukhetsa magazi, kapena mano aliwonse. (Mbalame ziwiri, mwala umodzi.)

M'zaka zaposachedwa kwambiri, abambo adagwiritsa ntchito lezala lowongoka lachitsulo, lotchedwanso "pakhosi" chifukwa… chabwino, zowonekeratu. Kapangidwe kake ngati mpeni kamatanthauza kuti kayenera kukongoletsedwa ndi mwala wonyezimira kapena chingwe chachikopa, ndipo amafunikira luso lalikulu (osatchulapo kuyang'ana ngati laser) kuti agwiritse ntchito.

CHIFUKWA CHIYANI TINAYAMBA KUMETSA KUMETSA KUMALO Koyamba?
Pazifukwa zambiri, zimapezeka. Aigupto akale adameta ndevu ndi mitu yawo, mwina chifukwa cha kutentha komanso mwina ngati njira yothetsera nsabwe. Ngakhale zimawoneka ngati zopanda tsitsi kumeta tsitsi la nkhope, maharahara (ngakhale azimayi ena) anali ndi ndevu zabodza potengera mulungu Osiris.

Kumeta kunatengera pambuyo pake ndi Agiriki panthawi ya ulamuliro wa Alexander the Great. Mchitidwewu udalimbikitsidwa kwambiri ngati njira yodzitetezera kwa asirikali, kuletsa mdani kuti asatenge ndevu zawo pomenya nkhondo.

NKHANI YA FASHION KAPENA FAUX PAS?
Amuna akhala ndi ubale wachikondi ndi tsitsi lakumaso kuyambira nthawi yoyambira. Kupyola zaka, ndevu zakhala zikuwoneka ngati zosasamalika, zokongola, zosowa zachipembedzo, chizindikiro champhamvu komanso champhamvu, zonyansa kwenikweni, kapena zandale.

Mpaka Alesandro Wamkulu, Agiriki Akale ankadula ndevu zawo pakangolira. Kumbali inayi, anyamata achichepere pafupifupi 300 BC anali ndi phwando "loyamba kumeta" kuti akondweretse kukula kwawo, ndipo adangometa ndevu zawo kwinaku akulira.

Pakati pa nthawi ya Julius Caesar, amuna achiroma adamutsanzira podula ndevu zawo, kenako Hadrian, Emperor wa Roma kuyambira 117 mpaka 138, adabweretsanso ndevuzo.

Atsogoleri khumi ndi atatu oyamba aku US analibe ndevu (ngakhale a John Quincy Adams ndi a Martin Van Buren adasewera ma mutchchops owoneka bwino.) Kenako Abraham Lincoln, yemwe anali ndi ndevu zotchuka kwambiri nthawi zonse, adasankhidwa. Anayambitsa njira yatsopano - apurezidenti ambiri omwe adamutsatira anali ndi tsitsi lakumaso, mpaka Woodrow Wilson mu 1913. Ndipo kuyambira pamenepo, mapurezidenti athu onse akhala akumetedwa bwino. Ndipo bwanji? Kumeta kwachokera kutali.


Post nthawi: Nov-13-2020